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The first Commission at the provincial level was the Madras Service Commission established in 1930 under a 1929 Act of the Madras legislature. The Government of India Act, 1935 provided for the establishment of a Public Service Commission for each Province. Accordingly, under the 1935 Act seven Public Service Commissions were established in 1937; for the Provinces of Assam (at Shillong), Bengal (at Calcutta), Bombay and Sindh (at Bombay) Central Provinces, Bihar and Orissa (at Ranchi), Madras (at Madras), Punjab and North-West (at Lahore) and United Province (at Allahabad). All the 28 State Public Service Commissions including the successors of the older Provincial Public Service Commissions, participate in the National Conference. The list of 28 PSCs is at Annexure.
2. Articles 315 to 321 of the Constitution of India govern the establishment and composition of the Commission as well as their consultative functions.
3. Article 315 of the Constitution provides for separate Public Service Commission for the Union and States without any formal linkage between the two. In order to provide a forum for exchange of ideas and information in common areas of interest, Conference of Chairpersons of State Public Service Commissions are being held from time to time in association with UPSC.
4. The first National Conference of the Public Service Commissions was held in 1949. Thereafter the Conferences were held from time to time. In 1999, Chairman UPSC bacame the ex-officio Chairman of the National Conference of Chairpersons of State Public Service Commissions. After that twelve (12) Conferences have been held. The 12th Conference was held at New Delhi on 20th and 21st February 2010.
5. These Conferences have striven to bring about some uniformity in the functioning of the State PSCs. Through the device of National Conference, a firm relationship has been attempted to be developed over the last 60 years among the State Public Service Commissions on matters concerning methods of recruitment, personnel policies, conduct of examinations etc. Such gathering also provides a suitable platform for discussion on the changing socio-economic milieu and consequential changes to be brought about in the work ethos of the Commissions in consonance with expectations of the people and the constitutional obligations.
6. Following are the few major achievements of the Conference:
i) Compendium of Best Practice of State Public Service Commissions.
ii) Rules of procedures of State PSCs.
of Important judgments pronounced by various Courts having bearing on the
Role and Functioning of the State PSCs.
iv) Model Code of Conduct for State PSCs
v) Exclusive Website for the National Conference on the Homepage of website of the UPSC
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